Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Print ISSN: 2394-2746

Online ISSN: 2394-2754


Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific journals, research content, providing professional’s membership, and conducting conferences, seminars, and award more...

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Bhaska Pal, Parag Biniwale, Hemant Deshpande, Tripura Sundari, Salman Motlekar*

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Diagnosis, management and care of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP): An Indian Expert Opinion

Review Article

Author Details : Bhaska Pal, Parag Biniwale, Hemant Deshpande, Tripura Sundari, Salman Motlekar*

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2019

Article Page : 122-132

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Aim: To develop a guiding tool for the screening, diagnosis, management and care of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) by Indian expert panel consensus.
Materials and Methods: Databases such as PubMed, Medline, the Cochrane library and Google Scholar were searched for literature on HDP. Guidelines on HDP from Sri- Lanka, Bahrain, Singapore, Malaysia, Federation of Obstetric and Gynecological Societies of India (FOGSI), Japan, Canada, Australia, US, Europe, and others were studied and discussed as reference documents. A 14 member committee of Gynecology and Obstetrics experts was formed in scientific collaboration with Wockhardt Ltd., Mumbai (India) to prepare an expert opinion on HDP for India. The panel discussed hypertension (HTN) for a) classification b) techniques of monitoring BP c) when to start antihypertensive d) diagnostic tests e) important management and type of medical care needed in pre, during and post pregnancy. The panel also compared the guidelines of different countries to discuss the differences and similarities in management of HTN mainly focusing preeclampsia (PE).
Results: The panel recommended NICE guidelines to classify HTN. The panel also advised to follow the antenatal care (ANC) guidelines and perform thorough clinical examination of the patient on first visit preferably in first trimester and then subsequent visits during the pregnancy. The panel emphasized on the measurement of BP with standard mercury sphygmomanometer in the sitting posture. Since PE has a higher incidence in India, a minimum of four antenatal care visits and initial screening (BP and proteinuria) at 8 to 12 weeks of gestation for early diagnosis of hypertension are advised. The panel suggested that the target BP should be 130-150 / 80-100 mm Hg on antihypertensive therapy. Either labetalol or methyldopa should be used as first line treatment during third trimester of pregnancy. However, during second trimester methyldopa should be used as the first line treatment.
Conclusion: This guiding document is an outcome of panel discussions on HDP for Indian women and health care practitioners. It will serve as a guide for obstetricians in India and help them to identify, screen, diagnose and manage women with HDP.

Keywords: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), Pre-eclampsia (PE), Antihypertensive agents, Pregnancy, Postpartum care, Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH).

How to cite : Pal B, Biniwale P, Deshpande H , Sundari T, Motlekar S, Diagnosis, management and care of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP): An Indian Expert Opinion. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2019;6(2):122-132

Copyright © 2019 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (

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