Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific journals, research content, providing professional’s membership, and conducting conferences, seminars, and award more...
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Volume : 5, Issue : 3, Year : 2018
Article Page : 413-418
Introduction: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and debilitating form of Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affecting women in their reproductive age. There is paucity of Indian research in this area among adolescents.
Aims: To determine the prevalence of PMDD in adolescent school students, and to study relationship between PMDD and anxiety, depression, self-esteem and quality of life (QOL).
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 100 adolescent students of an urban school. The Premenstrual symptom screening tool for adolescents (PSST-A), Hamilton anxiety (HAM-A) and Depression (HAM-D) Scale, Rosenberg self esteem scale (RSES) and The women’s quality of life questionnaire were employed.
Results: All participants reported at least one PMS symptom of minimal severity and 68% had at least one PMS symptom of moderate-severe intensity. Twenty five percent of the participants had ‘moderate-to severe’ PMS. None of the participants qualified for PMDD. Disruption of daily activities was reported by 35% while 22% missed school due to PMS. A statistically significant relationship was found between PSST scores and HAM-D score (p<0> Conclusion: Although PMS and PMDD pose a difficulty, majority of adolescents do not have significant anxiety, experience positive self-esteem and good quality of life. There is a need for multi-centric and multi-disciplinary research to further elucidate the factors associated with PMS and PMDD in this population.
Keywords: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Premenstrual symptoms, Adolescents, Depression, Anxiety, Self-esteem, Quality of life.
How to cite : Mathur K L, Sharma M, Sharma D, Talati S, A school-based survey of premenstrual dysphoric disorder-relationship with depression, anxiety, self-esteem and quality of life. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2018;5(3):413-418
Copyright © 2018 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)