Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific journals, research content, providing professional’s membership, and conducting conferences, seminars, and award more...
Author Details :
Volume : 3, Issue : 2, Year : 2016
Article Page : 137-139
Introduction: Uncontrolled hypothyroidism is associated with serious maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity, and mortality. Overt hypothyroidism is defined as a clinical syndrome of hypothyroidism associated with elevated TSH and decreased serum levels of T4 or T3. Subclinical hypothyroidism is defined as a condition without typical symptoms of hypothyroidism, elevated TSH (>5 µU/mL), and normal circulating thyroid hormone.
Material & Methods: The present hospital based cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Medical College & Hospital, Bangalore. From the outpatient clinics, a total of 200 pregnant women of 1st trimester were selected in the study. Informed consent was taken from the study participants. Complete thyroid profile was done.
Results: Mean age was found to be 23.6±2.5 and mean gestational age 8.2±2.6. Among the total study participants (n=200), the overall prevalence of hypothyroidism was 16.5% (n=33). Elevated TSH levels (>5mIU/ml) was found in 16.5% (33) of the study population. With regards to thyroid hormone levels, decreased levels of T3 & T4 were observed in 24.3% (08) and 75.7% (25) had normal levels of T3 & T4. Majority had subclinical hypothyroidism 75.7% (n=25) and 24.3% (n=8) had overt hypothyroidism.
Keywords: Pregnancy, Hypothyroidism, Prevalence, Thyroid profile, Subclinical
How to cite : Biradar K D, Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy: A Hospital based cross sectional study. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2016;3(2):137-139
Copyright © 2016 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)