Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Print ISSN: 2394-2746

Online ISSN: 2394-2754

CODEN : IJOGCS

Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific journals, research content, providing professional’s membership, more...


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Case Report


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582-584


Authors Details

Garima Shah*, Bikram Shah


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Adult onset stills disease: Newly diagnosed in pregnancy with rare clinical presentation as pleural effusion


Case Report

Author Details : Garima Shah*, Bikram Shah

Volume : 8, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 582-584

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijogr.2021.120



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Abstract

Introduction: Adult onset Still’ disease (AOSD) is a rare inflammatory disease which involves multiple systems and is of unknown etiology first described in 1971.It has more prevalence among young females and few studies show the exacerbation of symptoms during pregnancy. Patients usually presents with high grade fever, arthritis, arthralgia, salmon pink rash, organomegaly, lymphadenopathy but rarely can present with pleural symptoms, cardiac symptoms. Several criteria’s are used for diagnosis but Yamaguchi’s has the highest sensitivity of 93.5%. Yamaguchi’s classification criteria includes major and minor criteria’s and exclusion criteria’s. Although diagnostic criteria are there but AOSD till date is a diagnosis of exclusion. All the causes of clinical symptoms should be excluded which involves malignancies, infections, inflammatory conditions, autoimmune diseases before the diagnosis of AOSD is made.
Case Report: A 26-year-old female with G2P0010 and POG 6 weeks presented to medicine OPD with high grade fever associated with chills and rigors from 1 week. She was also complaining of stiffness and pain in multiple joints with chest pain, easy fatigability. She was having rashes on upper back below nape of neck. All the necessary investigations were carried out. It was found that she was also having right sided pleural effusion and severe microcytic hypochromic anemia. After batteries of investigations and consultation by obstetrician, rheumatologist, dermatologist diagnosis of Adult Onset Still’s disease was made. It was a diagnosis of exclusion. Patient was started on steroids and she responded well. All the symptoms including pleural effusion was subsided.
Discussion: Adult onset still’s disease is a form of still’s disease. It is a rare systemic auto-inflammatory disease. Yamaguchi is the most sensitive criteria but till date it is diagnosed after excluding possible causes of malignancies, infections and autoimmune conditions. Sometimes patients do present with rare symptoms like pleural effusion, pericarditis some may present as acute respiratory distress syndrome or mild symptoms like cough, pleuritic chest pain. In our case also all the possible causes were excluded as patient presented with pleural effusion for the first time during pregnancy, so the impact of the disease on the fetal outcome was also considered.
Conclusion: AOSD has always been a diagnosis of exclusion but as in our case and cases with similar presentation AOSD should be consider as a differential diagnosis. Although there are only few studies which show that there is fatal outcome of pregnancy in AOSD however there are studies showing exacerbation of symptoms of AOSD during pregnancy. Its early diagnosis and prompt treatment can be helpful in the better outcome of pregnancy as well as better prognosis of disease.
 

Keywords: Adult onset stills disease, Pregnancy, Pleural effusion.


How to cite : Shah G, Shah B, Adult onset stills disease: Newly diagnosed in pregnancy with rare clinical presentation as pleural effusion. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2021;8(4):582-584

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)







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