Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific journals, research content, providing professional’s membership, more...
Author Details :
Volume : 8, Issue : 4, Year : 2021
Article Page : 577-579
Uterine rupture is a rare but catastrophic complication seen in obstetrical practice. The most crucial predisposing factor is previous caesarean scar and it is generally being reported during labor in patients with scarred uterus. Although rare, rupture of an unscarred uterus is one of the most terrible obstetric complications, resulting in maternal and fetal jeopardy. Shoulder dystocia is one of the most difficult complications of labour that is unpredictable and therefore unpreventable. In neglected cases, grave maternal complications like obstructed labour and rupture of uterus can occur. Very rarely, the reverse, uterine rupture leading to shoulder dystocia can also occur. The present case is reported to emphasize the importance of early recognition of this condition. A 32 year old gravida 5 para 2 live 2 abortion 2 with 9 month period of gestation presented to labor room with shoulder dystocia, with history of fundal pressure. After delivery of head, pain subsided and the trunk failed to deliver. Her previous two deliveries were by normal vaginal delivery 8 years and 5 years back respectively. She had previous two abortions 6 years and 3 years back respectively. Both were spontaneous expulsion followed by dilatation and curettage. On examination, clinical diagnosis of rupture uterus was made and patient was taken up for laparotomy. On laparotomy, fetal body and limbs along with the placenta was seen lying in the abdominal cavity and head was in uterus. Baby of 2.34 kg was extracted as breech. A linear rupture of around 10-12 centimeter was present at fundo-posterior region. Uterus was repaired in 3 layers and bilateral tubal ligation was done. Patient was discharged on post- operative day 10 without any complications.In women with high risk for uterine rupture, delivery must be conducted at tertiary hospitals where facilities for emergency caesarean is available. In these patients, if shoulder dystocia occurs, rupture of the uterus must be suspected as an underlying cause. Assisted fundal pressure during delivery can result in trauma even to the unscarred uterus and cause traumatic uterine rupture. Early diagnosis is vital if maternal morbidity is to be reduced.
Keywords : Rupture uterus, Shoulder dystocia.
How to cite : Yadav S, Chaudhary S, Malhotra V, Uterine rupture at the fundus during labor: A case report. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2021;8(4):577-579
Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)