Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Print ISSN: 2394-2746

Online ISSN: 2394-2754

CODEN : IJOGCS

Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific journals, research content, providing professional’s membership, more...


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Original Article


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502-506


Authors Details

Muna Ellian, Bhavya H U*, Geeta J Doppa


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A retrospective analysis of clinical profile of patients with cancer cervix in a rural medical college in Karnataka


Original Article

Author Details : Muna Ellian, Bhavya H U*, Geeta J Doppa

Volume : 8, Issue : 4, Year : 2021

Article Page : 502-506

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijogr.2021.104



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Abstract

Context: Cancer cervix is most common cause of cancerous deaths in females especially in developing countries. The pre-invasive stage of cervical cancer lasts for a long period and a small proportion progresses to an invasive lesion. In Indian set up, majority of the patients are presenting with an invasive lesion.
Aims: To describe the clinical profile of patients presented with cervical cancer and to describe various treatments received by those patients.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective observational study done on confirmed cases of carcinoma cervix who attended rural medical college in Karnataka. Clinical records of the patients, who presented between November 2019 and November 2020 and were diagnosed with cervical cancer, were retrieved. The data related to demographic and clinical variables like age, socioeconomic status, education, symptoms, clinical staging, treatment and histopathology report were recorded. Data collected were entered in Microsoft Excel Office 2007and data analysed. Data were presented using descriptive statistics. The data was expressed in the form of frequencies and percentages
Results: A total of 30 patients with the median age of 46 years were studied. Most common presentation was post coital bleeding (40%) followed by white discharge per vagina in 33%. Majority were under low socioeconomic status (70%). 60% presented in stage II and 30% in stage I. Chemoradiation was treatment of choice in 60% followed by surgery in 33% and 7% were lost to follow up. On histopathology, majority had squamous cell carcinoma (70%).
Conclusions: The appropriate management of Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN) can prevent invasive cervical cancer. In this study most of them presented in advanced stage which could have been prevented with the regular screening and awareness among women in the reproductive age group.
Key Messages : Detection of pre invasive lesions or in situ cases remains important key to decreasing cervical cancer morbidity and mortality.
 

Keywords: Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, Carcinoma, Cervical cancer screening, Chemo radiation.


How to cite : Ellian M, Bhavya H U, Doppa G J, A retrospective analysis of clinical profile of patients with cancer cervix in a rural medical college in Karnataka. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2021;8(4):502-506

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)







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