Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Print ISSN: 2394-2746

Online ISSN: 2394-2754


Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific more...

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Rachna Chaudhary, Somya Jindal*, Vandana Dhama, Shakun Singh, Vijay Jaiswal

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Effect of body mass index on fetal outcome in pregnancy

Original Article

Author Details : Rachna Chaudhary, Somya Jindal*, Vandana Dhama, Shakun Singh, Vijay Jaiswal

Volume : 8, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 350-355

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Background: Maternal body mass index during pregnancy is one of the important parameter which gives us the clue regarding fetal complications. The objectives of this study were to study distribution of antenatal patients in underweight, normal, overweight (and obese) categories according to booking BMI, to examine the association of BMI with perinatal outcomes in singleton pregnancies.
Materials and Methods: This prospective Study was conducted over a period of 1 year from July 2019 to June 2020 on antenatal women attending O.P.D in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in LLRM Medical College. The enrolled patients were divided into three equal groups(n=50) according to their BMI. In all the groups perinatal outcome was assessed.
Results: The mean baby birth weight for whole study group was 2.807 kg with standard deviation of 0.44. Birth weight found to be related to maternal BMI and mother with low BMI have babies with low birth weight and vice versa.14% of babies born to mothers belonging to underweight BMI group required NICU admission due to reasons like meconium staining, low birth weight, birth asphyxia. 10% babies born to mothers who were overweight were admitted in NICU while 0% of babies born to women with normal BMI got admitted in NICU.
Conclusions: Higher prevalence of complications to fetus when BMI is not in the recommended normal range.

Keywords: BMI, Fetal outcome.

How to cite : Chaudhary R, Jindal S, Dhama V, Singh S, Jaiswal V, Effect of body mass index on fetal outcome in pregnancy. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2021;8(3):350-355

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (

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