Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Print ISSN: 2394-2746

Online ISSN: 2394-2754


Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific more...

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Pragati Jain*, Monika Aggarwal, Meenu V Ahuja, Surbhi Gupta

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Umbilical cord coiling index as a marker of perinatal outcome

Original Article

Author Details : Pragati Jain*, Monika Aggarwal, Meenu V Ahuja, Surbhi Gupta

Volume : 8, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 323-327

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The umbilical cord is very important for the well-being and survival of the fetus, however this is susceptible to compressions, kinking, traction and torsion which may influence the perinatal outcome and an abnormal umbilical coiling index has been related to adverse fetal and pregnancy outcomes.
Aim: To determine the umbilical cord coiling index (UCI) and compare its association with perinatal outcome in normal and complicated pregnancies.
It was a prospective observational study done on 200 patients at term (after 37 weeks) pregnancy, delivered either vaginally or by cesarean section. The umbilical cord coiling index was calculated. The mean coiling index of our study was 0.256+0.07 per cm. The outcomes measured were maternal age, parity, body mass index, hypertension in pregnancy, diabetes in pregnancy, amniotic fluid index, meconium staining of liquor, neonatal birth weight, Apgar score at birth, ponderal index, NICU admission. The coils were then divided into three categories on the basis of UCI and their association with the maternal and fetal outcomes were analyzed. Hypocoiled cords were those having UCI less than 10th centile, and hypercoiled cords those having UCI more than 90th centile. Statistical analysis was done by chi square test, Fishers exact test and the t test where applicable.
Hypocoiled cords (UCI <10th> Abnormal umbilical cord coiling index was associated with adverse perinatal outcomes.

Keywords: Umbilical cord coiling index, Hypercoiled cords, Hypocoiled cords.

How to cite : Jain P, Aggarwal M, Ahuja M V, Gupta S, Umbilical cord coiling index as a marker of perinatal outcome. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2021;8(3):323-327

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (

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