Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Print ISSN: 2394-2746

Online ISSN: 2394-2754


Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific more...

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Nalam Neelima, Ushadevi Gopalan*, Karthika Jayakumar

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Asymptomatic bacteriuria in South Indian pregnant women and treatment effect on outcome of pregnancy

Original Article

Author Details : Nalam Neelima, Ushadevi Gopalan*, Karthika Jayakumar

Volume : 8, Issue : 3, Year : 2021

Article Page : 314-322

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Background: Asymptomatic bacteriuria is defined as bacteriuria where colony count of same species is more than 10 colonies/ml of urine in a clean catch midstream urine sample in an asymptomatic women”. This if left untreated in pregnancy, may progress to pyelonephritis. Due to the physiological and anatomical changes in the genitourinary tract during pregnancy, urinary tract infection is more common in pregnant women. Our aim was to study the effect of asymptomatic bacteriuria on pregnancy outcome and to find the most common organism responsible for asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnant women.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective observational hospital based study conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at a tertiary care teaching hospital. A total of 85 pregnant women were included in the study. Clean catch mid stream urine sample was collected and cultured. The organism was identified and patient was treated according to the antibiotic sensitivity pattern. Patient was followed up till delivery to look for maternal and fetal outcomes.
Results: In our study, the prevalence of ASB in pregnancy was 24.7%. 61.9% were in age group of 18-25 years and 42.9% were 2 gravida. 85.7% were in 3rd trimester. Of the ASB cases 90.5% had term babies and 85.7% had babies with birth weight of >2.5 Kg.
Conclusion: It is important to do Urine culture and sensitivity in all pregnant women irrespective of the symptoms and gestational age so as to detect ASB as early as possible and by treating this we can avoid the adverse effects in the mother and the fetus.

Keywords : Asymptomatic bacteriuria, Urinary tract infection, Pregnancy outcome.

How to cite : Neelima N, Gopalan U, Jayakumar K, Asymptomatic bacteriuria in South Indian pregnant women and treatment effect on outcome of pregnancy. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2021;8(3):314-322

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (

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