Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific more...
Author Details :
Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2020
Article Page : 573-578
Introduction: Maternal stress has been believed to have effect on the developing embryo and foetus in womb. Measuring and addressing stress is not yet part of structured antenatal protocols for pregnant women.
The current study focuses on the association of perceived stress among pregnant women on maternal and foetal outcome.
Materials and Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional study on 1000 pregnant women done during the period Nov 2010 to Nov 2012 at Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, India. Associations between maternal stress by PSS score and mode of delivery, duration of labour, and foetal outcomes were assessed.
Statistical tools like K-Smirnov test, Fishers exact and KruksalWallis test were used wherever appropriate.
Result: Participant mothers ranged in age from 18 to 42 years. 41.4% were postgraduate. 6.6%, 86.6%, 6.8% had preterm, term and post term deliveries respectively. 799, 102, 95 were average for gestational age babies, large for gestational age babies and small for gestational age babies respectively. PSS (Perceived Stress Scale) questionnaire mean score was 30.73 with standard deviation of 2.44. There was no statistical difference with different modes of deliveries and various neonatal outcomes with third trimester PPS stress score in this study.
Conclusion: Adequate counselling is essential to reduces the maternal stress at various stages of pregnancy and delivery. Assessment of stress should be an integral part of antenatal care.
Keywords: Psychological stress, Neonatal outcome, Pregnant women, Antenatal counselling.
How to cite : Singh A , Shelkar P , Singh K , Anjankar S , Significance of stress assessment: cross sectional study of 1000 pregnant women from India. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2020;7(4):573-578
Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)