Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research

Print ISSN: 2394-2746

Online ISSN: 2394-2754


Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research (IJOGR) open access, peer-reviewed quarterly journal publishing since 2014 and is published under auspices of the Innovative Education and Scientific Research Foundation (IESRF), aim to uplift researchers, scholars, academicians, and professionals in all academic and scientific disciplines. IESRF is dedicated to the transfer of technology and research by publishing scientific more...

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Smeet Patel*, Babulal Patel, Akshay Shah, Shashwat Jani, Chinmay Jani

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Maternal and fetal characteristics associated with meconium-stained amniotic fluid

Original Article

Author Details : Smeet Patel*, Babulal Patel, Akshay Shah, Shashwat Jani, Chinmay Jani

Volume : 7, Issue : 4, Year : 2020

Article Page : 476-481

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Introduction: Black-green colored odorless material known as meconium is physiologically passed by new born babies with in 48 hours of birth. Presence of meconium in the amniotic fluid could be a dangerous condition. It may expose the baby to multiple condition depending upon the amount of meconium entering in to the respiratory track of the baby. The knowledge of association of various maternal and fetal associated factors with meconium aspiration syndrome is of immense importance for appropriate clinical judgments and decisions.
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the present study was to study various maternal and fetal parameters associated with meconium stained amniotic fluid.
Results: The present study was a prospective observational study. It was conducted in the Obstetrics and Gynecology department of Tertiary Hospital & Medical Collage & Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India during May 2016 to May 2018 on 200 laboring mothers with meconium stained amniotic fluid who delivered or underwent cesarean section in the institute were included in the study. Majority of them were between 20–30 years of age (59%). The women between 31–35 years of age were 27%. Participants either <20>35 years were 9% and 5% respectively. There were 82 patients who had grade I MSL, 63 patient who had grade II MSL whereas 55 patients who had grade III MSL. Out of 200, there were 196 women who were having associated risk factors like prolonged labour, PROM, hypertension, postdatism, GDM, IUGR and anaemia. MSL as well as MAS has been strongly associated with the parity of the mother. It was also observed that patients who’s age was greater than 35 yrs. All (100%) presented with grade 3 MSL. Fetus whose gestational age was greater than 40 weeks has fewer chances of co-morbidities.
Conclusion: It was concluded in the present study that multiparity, higher maternal age, presence of Maternal Risk Factors, C-section, IUGR, oligo-hydraminos, post-datism, GDM, non-reactive CTG, prolonged labor and PROM had significant association with higher grades of meconium stained Liquor. It is strongly recommend that in such patients early and appropriate care along with constant monitoring can prove to be highly beneficial.

Keywords: Meconium, Meconium stained liquor, Meconium aspiration syndrome.

How to cite : Patel S , Patel B , Shah A, Jani S , Jani C , Maternal and fetal characteristics associated with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res 2020;7(4):476-481

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and Indian J Obstet Gynecol Res. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (